OIL-BASED VS WATER-BASED PAINT-WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE?

When we begin a painting project, we always ask ourselves: which paint would be best to use? This decision may not be easy to make due to all the varying characteristic of different types of paints. To help you with your decision we have established a ‘Your Castle Caretakers Ltd guide to differentiating paint types’. This guide should provide you with answers to some common questions when choosing paint.

The 'Your CASTLE CARETAKERS LTD GUIDE TO DIFFERENTIATING PAINT TYPES': oil-based vs water-based paints

(Each difference will be categorized by characteristics and differences will be highlighted for each type).

CharacteristicWater-Based PaintOil-Based Paint
Price£15-£25 on average for 2.5L£30-£40 on average for 2.5L
BasewaterOil
Eco-friendliness scaleMore eco- friendly (they have less VOC)Not very eco-friendly (they have large amounts of VOC)
FinishNot glossy- can be altered to give varying finishesGlossy
Drying timeVery shortLonger drying time than water-based paints
Durability and colour over timeStays flexible for longer-less likely to crack or break. Doesn't turn yellow.Turn yellow over time due to yellowing alkyd resins. Not as flexible so more likely to crack. Sets hard after a few days which can be an advantage.
Cleaning processEasy to clean. Water and soap is usually all that is needed. Requires mineral spirits/solvents to clean brushes etc.
Vapour released?Emit less vapours.Emit more vapours.
Surfaces it is best onWalls- preferably walls that did not have oil-based paint on before.Walls that are uneven or had oil-based paint on previously. Skirtings ,door frames and furniture.
Painting processSeveral coats usually needed. Base coat may be needed.Several coats usually not required but using a base coat is recommended. Sanding of surfaces prior to painting is also recommended.